Home Why Vietnam Trang An Landscape Complex – Vietnam’s First Mixed Heritage

Trang An Landscape Complex – Vietnam’s First Mixed Heritage


On June 23rd 2014, at the 38th session of the World Heritage Committee in Doha, Trang An was inscribed in the UNESCO’s World Heritage List, proudly being the Viet Nam’s first mixed natural and cultural heritage.

Situated near the southern margin of the Red River Delta, Trang An Scenic Landscape Complex covers an area of 10,000ha in Hoa Lu, Gia Vien and Nho Quan Districts and Ninh Binh City. The Complex includes Trang An Eco-tourist Site, Tam Coc- Bich Dong Landscape and Hoa Lu Ancient Citadel. The three areas share a common geological and ecological environment characterized by dramatic limestone karst peaks permeated with valleys.


Trang An Eco-tourist Site is widely considered “Ha Long Bay on land” as it is entirely surrounded by bow-shaped limestone mountain ranges lying on a delta wetland area.The eco-tourism complex boasts a system of 48 aquatic caves and caverns with a total length of more than 12km and springs, streams and rivers serving as portals into limestone mountain ranges. This is also a forest that has a great diversity in flora and fauna and home to 577 plant species, including 10 species listed in the Red Data Book of Vietnam (list of rare and endangered species of fauna and flora native to Vietnam).

Tam Coc-Bich Dong (Three Caves – Green Pearl Cave) still remains primary natural features with unique architectures alternating with pagodas and caves such as: Tam Coc, Thai Vi Temple, Bich Dong Pagoda, Tien Cave, Mua Cave…


Visiting Tam Coc, you may feel like you are getting lost in such a hidden fairy site, stalactites from the ceiling of three caves like iridescent pearls. These caves are adorned with beautiful stalactites and stalagmites of different shapes and colours that sparkle like gemstones.

Bich Dong means “Green Pearl cave”, which reflects its magnificient natural beauty. Colors, shapes, and sounds of the shining stalactites converges in such a captivating miracle that no one could refuse to touch, knock and contemplate them in deed.

Vietnam’s First Mixed Heritage

Hoa Lu Ancient Citadel is a national relic related to the three dynasties in feudal history of Viet Nam in the 10th and 11th centuries. This area consists of defense earthen walls, palaces, temples and shrines, and was surrounded and protected by mountains of limestone. The citadel brings you to a few imperial capitals of the country in the ancient and medieval eras.

With the acknowledgment, Trang An has become Vietnam’s 8th world heritage site recognized by UNESCO. The others are Ha Long Bay, Phong Nha-Ke Bang National Park, the Complex of Hue Monuments, Hoi An Ancient Town and My Son Sanctuary, Thang Long Imperial Citadel and Ho Dynasty Citadel.

Rate this post


Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here